The immune system is in charge of protecting us from various diseases, infections, and speeding up recovery after illness. This system consists of white blood cells, antibodies, and various other components, including lymph nodes, to form the immune system.
However, many factors can interfere with immune function, making us prone to falling sick. People who have a weak immune system are usually prone to autoimmune disorders, inflammation of internal organs, anemia, and digestive disorders.
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In children, a weak immune system can also make them experience growth and development delays.
A sign of a weak immune system
Weakened immune systems usually make us fall sick and often feel tired. In addition, often a weakened immune system is not accompanied by obvious early symptoms, so many people don’t realize it.
Collecting data from Penn Medicine, here are the early signs of a weakened immune system:
1. The stress level is very high
Based on a report from the American Psychological Association, long-term stress can weaken the immune system.
According to internal medicine expert Nadia Hasan, stress can reduce the body’s lymphocytes or white blood cells that help fight infection. “The lower the lymphocyte level, the higher our risk of infection,” he said.
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2. Frequent colds or chills
Chills or colds can indeed heal on their own in just a matter of days. The immune system also takes three to four days to develop antibodies and fight invading pathogens.
However, persistent colds and chills can be a sign that our immune system is overloaded with our existing disorders.
3. Often experience digestive problems
Frequent diarrhea, bloating, or constipation can be a sign that your immune system is compromised. Research shows nearly 70 percent of the immune system is located in the digestive tract.
In addition, in digestion there are also various good bacteria and microorganisms that support the immune system. If the number of microorganisms or bacteria is reduced, we can be at greater risk for infection, chronic trafficking, to autoimmune disorders.
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4. Wound healing lasts a long time
When the skin is injured, the body will work to heal it by sending nutrient-rich blood for new skin regeneration.
However, this process depends on the strength of the immune system. So, a weak immune system will slow down skin regeneration making it difficult for wounds to heal.
5. Often feel tired
Often feeling tired even though you have enough sleep can be a sign that your immune system is weakening. This happens because the immune system also affects energy levels.
“It happens because the body tries to save energy so that the immune system can fight bacteria or viruses,” Hasan said.Ariska Puspita Anggraini)
This article was published on Kompas.com with the title “5 Signs of a Weakening Immune System that Often Unconsciously”