Launch the official website of the World Health Organization (WHO), hepatitis can be cured, develops into scarring, cirrhosis, or liver cancer.
Viral hepatitis infection can cause symptoms or without symptoms.
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The characteristics of hepatitis are similar to jaundice including yellowing of the skin and eyes, dark yellow urine, acute fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
Autoimmune diseases and chemicals such as alcohol, drugs, or dangerous chemicals can be the cause of hepatitis.
However, the main cause of hepatitis comes from the virus. There are five types of hepatitis virus, namely types A, B, C, D, and E.
In particular, hepatitis B and C cause chronic diseases and become the source of liver cirrhosis and cancer.
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Types of hepatitis virus
The scientists identified the types of hepatitis with the letters A, B, C, D, and E. The types of hepatitis that are most common are hepatitis A, B, and C.
Although the hepatitis virus both cause disease liver (liver) or liver. But each has characteristics, namely:
- Hepatitis A virus (HAV): this virus is in the feces of sufferers. Transmission through consumption of water or food contaminated with feces containing viruses and certain sexual practices.
- Hepatitis B virus (HBV): the virus can be transmitted through blood, semen, body fluids, or during labor.
- Hepatitis C virus (HCV): viruses can be transmitted through blood such as transfusions, use of unsterile needles, and are less likely through sexual contact.
- Hepatitis D virus (HDV): only occurs in people with hepatitis B. Multiple infections with hepatitis B and D viruses can have fatal consequences.
- Hepatitis E virus (HEV): most are transmitted through consumption of water or food contaminated with HEV virus. This disease often causes outbreaks and vaccines are still limited.
The incubation period since the hepatitis virus infects the patient to cause symptoms of the disease varies between two weeks to six months.
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Hepatitis can be contagious, depending on the cause. Launch of the Medicine Net, hepatitis caused by a virus is usually contagious.
Mode of transmission between individuals can be through blood transfusions, the use of unsterile needles, sexual relations, and organ transplants.
Parasites like Plasmodium spp, Schistosoma spp can also cause hepatitis. But hepatitis due to parasitic infections is not transmitted from person to person.
Hepatitis caused by alcohol, drugs, or toxic chemicals is also generally not contagious.
For that reason, is hepatitis contagious? The answer is not certain, depending on the type of hepatitis.
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Launch Web MD, the main way to prevent the spread of hepatitis A is to keep food and drink clean.
Make sure you eat hygienically cooked intake. Don’t forget to wash your hands before eating or prepare your intake, especially after using the bathroom.
Also, always wash your hands properly after changing diapers. And, make sure to use safety when having sexual intercourse with hepatitis A sufferers.
Meanwhile, to prevent transmission of hepatitis B, avoid sharing unsterile needles, unprotected sex, or touching an open wound from a hepatitis B sufferer.
While ways to prevent contracting hepatitis C, avoid the use of unsterile syringes and use safety when having sex with sufferers.
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If you have hepatitis A, help prevent transmission by diligently washing your hands properly.
As for patients with hepatitis B and C, make sure the wound is always closed, carefully throw away used tissue and sanitary pads, do not razor various to toothbrushes, avoid donating blood, and do not breastfeed if the nipple is injured.
Currently available vaccines to prevent transmission of hepatitis A and B. However, vaccines for hepatitis C are not yet available.
Hepatitis B vaccine can provide protection for hepatitis D. While vaccines for hepatitis E are available but are still limited.