Reform In the Iranian parliamentary election, reformers went to the boycott and responded to conservatives through the legitimacy of the system ‘


According to Ramazan Bursa, leadership in Iran, which has gone through a troubled period, could not ensure the public participation in the election of the parliament. The lowest turnout was 42 percent for the first time after the Islamic Revolution. Stating that domestic political competition plays as much a role as coronavirus in this, Bursa said that reformers went to the boycott and responded to conservatives through ‘legitimacy’.

Iran, which was shaken by protests triggered by gasoline hikes last year against US sanctions and blockade politics, entered into 2020 in distress. Iran leadership most important commander at the beginning of January November Solomonafter losing US in the assassination of the USA coronaviruses While dealing with the epidemic, he faced a picture in which the public questioned the legitimacy of the system in the new parliamentary elections. Participation in the elections dropped to the lowest level after the Islamic Revolution with 42.5 percent, while conservatives in the parliament secured control. Leading conservatives have also settled in the Assembly of Experts who are active in determining the religious leader.

We talked with journalist writer Ramazan Bursa about the next year’s presidential elections in Iran and even the developments that will affect the post-Khamenei.

‘The second half of 2019 and the first months of 2020 were difficult for Iran’

According to Ramazan Bursa, Iran, which was shaken by the protests of gasoline hike in the second half of 2019, is going through a difficult process as it enters 2020 with the Suleyman assassination and coronavirus agenda:

“Iran did not start 2020 very well. On the third day of 2020, the assassination of Süleyman the November was on the agenda of the world. It was a very important development. Then, the election agenda and then the coronavirus issue emerged. But before all this process, in November There were serious protest demonstrations regarding the gasoline hike. There were some people who died in these demonstrations, but there was no official explanation about the people who died, so we can say that the second half of 2019 and the first two months of 2020 were very difficult for Iran. “

Katılım Participation in Iran, where elections are indicative of legitimacy, remained at lowest level after the Islamic revolution ‘

According to Bursa, despite the Iranian leadership warnings, it also failed to ensure public participation in the parliamentary elections, which were attributed to the ‘legitimacy’ of the system in this critical period. Stating that the participation rate in Iran remained at 42 percent with a decrease of 18 percent compared to the previous election, Bursa pointed out that this is the lowest result after the Islamic Revolution. Bursa emphasized that this rate remained at 26 percent in the capital Tehran, and that the conservatives triumphed in Tehran this time, which reformers received:

“The recent parliamentary elections in Iran were the lowest attendance of the elections after the Islamic Revolution. The lowest election before that was the 2004 elections, with 51%. Now, a 42.5% turnout was achieved. In the previous election, 60 percent There was a participation rate of 18 percent, so there was a drop in the rate of 18 percent, there were two reasons for this, there were surveys conducted before the election, and these surveys revealed that the participation would be very low, so that President Ruhani, especially Iran Islamic Revolution Guide Ayatollah Khamenei, Leading ayatollahs and Friday imams, such as Mashhad Friday Imam Alemelhuda, who is also the father-in-law of Iran’s Judiciary, Ibrahim Reisi, expressed that it is very important to participate in the elections. selective The issue of participation in elections in countries where it is built is directly related to the legitimacy of the regime, while in some countries, participation in elections is actually evaluated on the legitimacy of the government. It is debatable that the government is not legitimate through participation. But there is no such debate in monarchies because there is no choice there. In this respect, one of the points showing the legitimacy and power of the Iranian Islamic Revolution is elections, participation in elections and the existence of elections. Iran has always paid attention to the election turnout. In this election, we have been facing the lowest participation rate since the Islamic Revolution. In fact, in the capital Tehran, this rate dropped up to 26 percent. In the most recent elections, reformists won all 30 deputies in the capital Tehran. Conservatives could not remove even one deputy. The opposite happened in this election. All 30 of the deputies were conservatives, and even one of the most important names of the conservatives, at the same time, ex-mayor of Tehran, Galiba, was elected with 1 million votes. But the turnout was very low at 26 percent. ”

‘The struggle between internal dynamics in Iran has become stiff’

According to Bursa, the results of the Iranian parliamentary elections include the stiffening of the power struggle between the internal dynamics of the Iranian system, as well as publications from Western sources of the coronavirus outbreak:

“In fact, here I can say that the struggle between Iranian internal dynamics is seriously hardened. Thus, the post-election Islamic Revolution Guide Ayatollah Hameney stated that the turnout was very high. The Minister of the Interior also made a similar statement. Some even commented on the low level of participation. They stated that they used the coronavirus of the enemy to reduce the participation in the elections – by means of the West and America. They broadcast on the coronavirus agenda that when the electoral districts go to vote, the crowds that may emerge here may cause the spread of the virus. It is not possible to explain the low participation rate of 18 percent compared to the two elections completely with the coronavirus. However, I believe that the Western publications have a share of this, albeit a few points, in this decline. Without a coronavirus, there would be a low participation rate of 15 percent rather than 18 percent. This is still a huge rate “.

‘The reformers went to the boycott and responded to conservatives through legitimacy ‘

Bursa, who believed that the boycott of the reformist wing, whose candidacy was mostly blocked in the low participation in the Iranian election, was emphasized that the reformist wing wanted to respond to conservatives through ‘legitimacy’ in this way. Bursa believes that the main reason for the fight was the shaping of Iranian politics after Khamenei:

“The struggle between conservatives and reformists has seriously deepened and sharpened. The main reason for this quarrel is the question of who will sit in Iran’s No. 1 seat. When the constitution was abolished by the board of protectors, the conservatives were asked to respond on legitimacy, and the most important step was to keep the participation rate low. They seem to have been successful in that respect. 79 percent of the conservatives have 6 percent of the votes of the reformists. Here, we are seriously faced with the boycott of reformers. Although the reformist wing was seriously disappointed that the Spiritual government was unable to implement many of its words, you could not have even removed a deputy in Tehran. their alarms are out of the question. ”

‘Spiritual will be under the pressure of conservatives in its last year’

According to Bursa, it seems that conservatives will take the seat again in Iran’s presidential election next year. Bursa said that Ruhani, who cannot be a candidate again, will remain under the pressure of the conservatives for the rest of the time:

“Spiritual has one more year of duty. It will be under the pressure of conservatives in this process. It will have great difficulty in legislative and legal amendments to be made in parliament. It will have to take the demands of the conservatives more seriously than the hardship. If we ask how it will affect the reformists in the presidential elections in Turkey, we can say that the possibility of the presidential seat getting into the hands of the conservatives again has become stronger. “

‘Conservative assembly will play an active role in religious leader election’

Expressing that there are unclear statements about the election in the Iranian Constitution, Ayatollah pointed out that the newly elected conservative assembly will play an active role at this point:

“Khamenei has reached the age of 80, and because of this age, there are some diseases caused by old age. Even if some different claims are made, they are not cleared. At this point, there are different, unclear provisions such as the Islamic Revolutionary Guidance Authority in the constitution. The newly elected conservative council will play an active role in interpreting them. While these are being clarified, the approval of the parliament is required. Even though the experts’ assembly will choose the guide here, the legal changes will be made in the parliament. This assembly will take an active role at this point. Therefore, we can say that the struggle between the political schools in Iran has deepened. The coronavirus can be said to have an impact on the election participation in 1-2 points, but there are two main reasons for this situation. So we can see this as a step that reformists take to create a debate on legitimacy in their hardened fights with conservatives. ”


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