According to the researchers, the wood is very well preserved. In the construction of the “box” mainly oak and hazelnut were used.
The trees used were in 5256 and 5255 BC. Chr. This makes the fountain the world’s oldest dendrochronologically dated archaeological wooden structure. It is the third fountain from the early Neolithic period that was discovered in the Czech Republic within the past four years.
In total, more than 40 such fountains were discovered in Europe, which are said to date from the same period. However, they were all dated using the radiocarbon method, which is considered less precise. Therefore, the fountain discovered near the city of Ostrov can be described as the oldest reliably dated wooden building.
The construction consists of profiled corner posts with inserted planks. The type of construction has so far been unknown for this region and this period of time and has advanced technical know-how, according to the researchers. The shape of the individual components and the tool marks left on their surface are intended to confirm highly developed carpentry skills.
According to Jaroslav Peška, who was part of the research team, the construction techniques used to build the fountain were later used during the Bronze, Iron Age, and even in the times of the Ancient Romans.
“It is astonishing how the craftsmen at that time, who only had tools made of stone, horn or bone, were able to process the surface of the felled trees with such precision,” he is quoted in a press release from the Archaeological Center Olomouc.
According to Peška, the fountain was used by people during the Neolithic Revolution when hunting and gathering were replaced by agriculture and animal husbandry.
ash / ae