“Four soldiers are being prosecuted for the first time for imposing torture on soldiers in the Falklands war,” the Falkland Islands ex-combatant center (Cecim) said in a statement.
Mariel Borruto, federal judge of Rio Grande, in the Patagonian province of Tierra del Fuego (south), prosecuted Miguel Ángel Garde, Belisario Gustavo Affranchino Rumi, Gustavo Adolfo Calderini and Eduardo Luis Gassino for the crimes of imposition of torture (torture) in several acts to the detriment of the victims, who were members of the Infantry Regiment 5 during the war.
In its ruling, the magistrate ordered a seizure of five million pesos ($ 79,365) of Garde’s assets, and one million pesos ($ 15,873) over the assets of the other defendants.
The case, initiated in 2007 following an investigation by the former secretary of human rights of the province of Corrientes (northeast) Pablo Vassel, investigates a total of 95 soldiers who were reported for 105 cases committed against more than 120 victims.
“The judge understands that the facts investigated are crimes against humanity committed during the civic-military dictatorship, a period in which the constitutional guarantees were suspended,” Cecim’s lawyers explained when the judgment was heard, which is complainant in the case.
The fact that there were no guarantees means “that the soldiers who were victims could not denounce the criminal state that had promoted the torture, and then did everything possible because these events go unpunished,” added lawyers Laurentina Alonso and Jerónimo Guerrero Iraola .
From the beginning of the case, Cecim denounced “the deployment made by the terrorist State of intelligence and psychological actions against the victims of torture, by means of those who mounted the impunity apparatus, thus, the soldiers who suffered torture forced them to shut up, “said the lawyers.
Is the First time local justice prosecutes Argentine ex-military for torturing their own subordinates.
In May 2019, the federal judge of the southern city of Ushuaia, Federico Calvete, called for the investigation of 24 former military officers accused of torturing their combatants during the 1982 war that confronted Argentina with the United Kingdom for the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands.
Almost 1,000 dead left that war that began the Argentine Military Board of General Leopoldo Galtieri (1981-1982) against the United Kingdom of Margaret Thatcher (1979-1990).
Buenos Aires and London resumed their diplomatic relations in February 1990 in the administration of then-Argentine President Carlos Menem (1989-1999).