Nobel 2020: Nobel 2020: A virus that kills millions; Know what is ‘this’ disease – explainer why nobel prize in medicine 2020 goes to the discovery of hepatitis c

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Stockholm: The Nobel Prize in Medicine has been announced. Harvey Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles Rice have been awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Medicine. The award was presented to scientists for their discovery of the hepatitis C virus. Let’s find out why this research is so important for winning the prestigious Nobel Prize …

The third deadliest disease in the world

The contribution of these scientists is important in the fight against hepatitis, which is caused by blood. Hepatitis C causes a large number of people with cirrhosis and liver cancer. This disease is one of the major diseases in the world. The award committee said the three scientists had discovered a virus that could identify hepatitis C.

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Hepatitis C is dangerous

This third form of hepatitis is more deadly than the first two. It kills at least one lakh people every year in the world. HIV tops the list of most deadly diseases, followed by tuberculosis. Hepatitis C is in third place. Therefore, the discovery of these scientists has become important.

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Prior to this, only hepatitis A and B were identified

Earlier, only Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B were detected. However, cases of hepatitis B infection have always been unclear. The causes of chronic hepatitis are now known with the discovery of the hepatitis C virus. This will allow blood tests and new drugs to be developed. This discovery will save the lives of millions of people around the world.

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How dangerous is it?

Hepatitis is a Greek word. It is made up of liver and inflammation. It is a disease of viral infection. Excessive alcohol consumption, polluted environment and autoimmune diseases also cause this disease. Hepatitis B was discovered in 1940 to be of two main types.

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Hepatitis ‘a’

The disease is caused by contaminated water and food. The infected patient does not get sick for a long time. After treatment, the patient recovers.

Hepatitis b

Hepatitis B is more deadly than ‘A’. The disease is spread through blood and food in the body. It has a serious effect on the patient’s health. Symptoms appear only after the disease has spread. As a result, most patients become disabled or die.

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