NATO, between collective defense and concern over China's progress


The NATO summit concluded with an agreement on collective defense among the 29 member countries but with a view to military growth in China. In Orbita he spoke with the international analyst Alberto Hutschenreuter.

The NATO summit ended in London with the statement of his secretary general, Jens Stoltenberg. "We have always been able to overcome differences and unite around our main tasks," he said.

The 29 member countries of the transatlantic military alliance reaffirmed that "an attack against an ally will be considered an attack against all."
But beyond this message of union, there were several rispideces. The president of Turkey, Recep Tayyip ErdoganHe threatened to block the agreement, as well as his support for NATO's plans, if it does not support his consideration of Kurdish-Syrian militias as terrorists.
In turn, countries in the block expressed concern over Ankara's decision to buy an S-400 missile system from Russia.

One of the relevant topics of the NATO 70th anniversary summit was the emergence of China as a military power. The leaders agreed on the need to encourage Beijing to participate in arms control agreements.

"China plays an interesting role, not in relation to the continuity or not of NATO. It invests in a large dynamically geopolitical, geoenergetic and geoeconomic space towards Europe that will involve a great effort of cooperation from several countries but that will have a center in Beijing, "international analyst Alberto Hutschenreuter told En Orbita.

According to the expert, "this leaves the United States out, but the point is whether it will add to this initiative to build this eventual new world order in geopolitical terms or if it will try to undermine it."

"The situation is complex. There are disagreements among the leaders, not for one but for several reasons. (…) Europe has a need to exercise a geopolitical, autonomous position that allows it to defend its own interests and not those of another actor, such as USA, "said the interviewee about the differences within the coalition.

The analyst also addressed the position of the alliance regarding Russia.

"The crisis between the West and Russia is not due to a responsibility of Moscow, but to a decision taken by the US to expand the alliance, not only to central European countries (Poland, Czech Republic), but to the immediate west of Russia, which are lines Red geopolitics for Moscow, "Hutschenreuter explained.

"The main responsibility was for NATO to extend beyond the extension of the Cold War results," he added.
On the end of the summit, an incident between leaders added discomfort between the US and Canada. Donald Trump canceled his presence at the press conference he planned at the close of the event and accused the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of having "two faces."

It was after the disclosure of television images that Trudeau is seen laughing, apparently, at the US president during a reception at Buckingham Palace, along with French President Emmanuel Macron, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Dutch Prime Minister, Mark Rutte

Violence in Bolivia; France in vilo over the strike against pension reform

He Bolivian de facto government, headed by Jeanine Anez, is accused of serious human rights violations.

A delegation of Argentine social leaders traveled to the country to collect data and report the situation.

In Orbita, he spoke with one of its members, Mario Lopez, president of the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights.

"A population of native peoples is being persecuted, attacked with heavy weapons. (…) We have registered 10 murdered men, received desperate people, widows, mothers who lost their children, reports of sexual crimes against women. The genocide is and it's underway, "he said.

The entourage cataloged the massacre of attacks on civilians in the cities of Sacaba and Senkata, where at least 15 people were killed and hundreds were injured and detained. "We have found a situation of absolute impediment to access to justice," says the preliminary report of the delegation.
In another order, France He is preparing for the general strike on Thursday 5, which could block the country for weeks.

Public and private sector workers will mobilize following the call of the main unions against the pension reform promoted by the Emmanuel Macron government.

Unemployment will affect transportation, education and health, among other services.

Suppression of 90% of trains and 70% of flights is expected. The transport and train sector promised a mobilization "as strong" as last September 13, which paralyzed Paris.

"We are willing to keep the strike until Christmas," announced the union of the RATP, an entity that manages public transport in the capital.

The pension reform stipulates the merger of the 42 existing retirement schemes, replacing them with a universal point system.
Prime Minister Édouard Philippe said the government is willing to "be flexible" at some points in the reform. The objective of the Executive is to present the conclusions of this bill at the end of the year.

The strike is expected to be of similar importance to that of 1995, when the then Prime Minister Alain Juppe had to step back in his project to reform the special retirement systems.

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