Crisis in Iraq: "There may be a power vacuum for several months"


After weeks of radical protests that left over 400 dead in Iraq, Premier Adel Abdul Mahdi was forced to resign. "The US occupation promoted a system of corruption, which is why people are protesting," said expert Gilberto Conde. Iraqis repudiate the entire political class and demand decent living conditions.

The Iraqis have been protesting the poor living conditions for two months and against the widespread corruption of the political class. With more than 400 people killed by the repression, Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi presented his resignation, leaving the country encephalous. "Forming a new government will be very complicated," said Gilberto Conde, a PhD in Asian and African Studies for the Mexican College.

"The armed parties have to do with a system created by the United States in the years of the occupation, in order to guarantee the benefit of American companies. A whole system of corruption was promoted, which is why people is protesting. "

Today there is a power vacuum since most parties fail to agree to name Mahdi's successor. "Former Prime Minister Haider Al Abadi is seen as part of the problem. On the streets people want something different. They are fed up. They ask for a normal and dignified life," said the expert. As for the Shiite leader Muqtada Al Sadr, "he has joined forces with the Communist Party to be seen as something more than a religious leader." However, protesters also see it as part of the problem. The demonstrations are very radical in that regard, "he said.
According to Conde, the protests concern both the US and Iran, the two countries with the greatest influence in Iraq. "The Iranians are sure that the US is promoting these demonstrations. I do not say that there can be no manipulation, but when the population manifests itself in those levels of despair and anger it is because there really is something. For the US it is not the ideal situation either. For them it is best that Mahdi remain in office. The US has lost a lot of control capacity. There are places where he prefers to sow chaos, as in Iran. Also in Lebanon, to get rid of Hezbollah, but I don't think it is the goal in Iraq. "
Count, who currently lives in Tunisia, expanded his reflection to try to understand what happens also with other outbreaks that are taking place in the Middle East and North Africa.

"There are other popular rebellions in Sudan, in Algeria they are still mobilizing. This is due to the lack of system options in which we live," he said.

Testimonies of the Argentine Delegation in Solidarity with Bolivia

Alicia Montoya was in Bolivia as part of the Argentine Delegation of Solidarity with that country Human rights personalities traveled to evaluate the crimes committed by the de facto government that leads the self-proclaimed president Jeanine Anez. The report, which collects testimonies on the ground, notes the persecution of social leaders, the elaboration of blacklists, the lethal nature of repression of protesters, the expansion of racism – particularly against women – and failures in the judicial system.

"We were in La Paz and Senkata, in El Alto. The territorial work was in the church of San Francisco de Asis, where the local Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) summoned relatives of victims. We also visited the houses of those who feared going out. We also visited hospitals, "said Montoya, very excited.

In his testimony, Montoya detailed the climate of constant harassment with which the delegation had to work. "At the Santa Cruz airport they made arbitrary interrogations of some of the partners. There was a small group that came out with outbursts that we did not answer. We had another unfortunate episode in La Paz, where we wanted to see Senator Maria Elizabeth Porto, who is in Hunger strike We requested the corresponding authorizations, but when we arrived at the Plaza Murillo he told us that the visit had been unauthorized, there were a large number of journalists waiting for us, they surrounded us and a group of people began shouting things, calling for lynching Others thanked us for having gone, "said Montoya, who said that in Bolivia" there is fear "and compared it to the military dictatorship that Argentina lived in the 70s, headed by General Jorge Videla.
On the next steps of the Argentine Delegation in Solidarity with Bolivia, he said they will promote an international commission to denounce the human rights violations perpetrated by the interim government.

"The IACHR produced a new document that says that it is impossible that in the current state there can be justice for the victims if an international commission is not involved. We are going to ask the IACHR to be part of that commission. Our presence has not ended in Bolivia ".

While we were there we received very serious complaints from Sucre, from Cochabamba. We pledged to return to collect complaints. We are in the presence of a coup and a de facto government. We had to visit militants in hiding. The electoral process convened for March is completely flawed, because it in fact outlaws MAS leaders, "he said.
The program also informed about the beginning of the Climate Summit (COP25) in Madrid, where 196 countries are meeting to discuss effective policies against global warming; the judicial persecution denounced by the ex-president and elected vice president of Argentina, Cristina Fernandez, during the hearing for the cause that investigates alleged irregularities in public works in the southern province of Santa Cruz; the restitution of steel and aluminum tariffs in Argentina and Brazil by the United States; and the visit of Uruguayan ex-president Jose Mujica to Evo Morales, exiled in Mexico.

The 'Voces del Mundo' team is made up of Telma Luzzani, Nestor Restivo, Mercedes Lopez San Miguel, Franco Luzzani and Patricio Porta.

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