Halayeb, Shalateen "Sudanese" for first time in power


The head of the Sudanese sovereign council, General Abdel Fattah El Burhan, touched on the issue of "Halayeb and Shalatin" disputed with Egypt.

Al-Burhan said in an interview with Al-Jazeera television, on Thursday, that "Halayeb and Shalatin Sudanese, and did not address this file with the Egyptian side at the present time."

The latitude of 22 latitude north, which formed the base of the triangle "Halayeb, Shalatin and Abu Ramad", became the focus of a dispute over sovereignty between Egypt and Sudan for six decades, reflecting the latest manifestation in Khartoum's refusal of Cairo's intention to explore the coasts of the triangle, which controls it, as it affects Sudanese sovereignty. Early this year.

The triangle is located on the coast of the Red Sea, on the Egyptian-Sudanese border, an area of ​​about 20.5 thousand square kilometers, and includes three areas: Halayeb, Shalatin and Abu Ramad.

Annually, Sudan renews its complaint before the UN Security Council regarding the triangle, calling for international arbitration requiring the consent of the two states, but Egypt rejects and asserts its sovereignty over the triangle.

Until the early 19th century, the two neighbors were seen as a single state.

With the accession of Egypt's governor, Mohamed Ali, to Sudan under his political authority, in 1820, Egypt's political borders extended southward, encompassing the entire Sudanese region.

By virtue of the "Sudan Agreement", signed in 1899 between Egypt and Britain (based on bilateral rule in Sudan at the time), Sudan was termed all territory south of the 22nd North latitude, and Egypt supports that agreement in establishing its sovereignty.

While Sudan based on an administrative decision, in 1902, its right to the region, where the then Egyptian head of the Interior issued this decision, based on the existence of some tribes having a Sudanese after the region, Egypt did not object to this decision with the independence of Sudan and did not reserve on the border.

Egypt argues in the same context that the decision had humanitarian dimensions to manage the lives of the inhabitants of the region, and did not entail a casual administration for any period of sovereignty, which was for specific circumstances.

Latitude 22N has become an international political boundary in the legal sense, with Egypt declaring its recognition of Sudan's independence in 1956.

Two years later, the dispute file is open from time to time, with each party putting forward several legal arguments and arguments that it says proves its right to sovereignty over the triangle.

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