What are the "letters" that irritate Erdogan


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If you are following the Syrian crisis, perhaps a set of three letters has passed before you, especially if the speaker is a Turkish official, and his talk about terrorism threatening his country.


Kurdistan workers' party (BKK / PKK) It is spoken in Kurdish (پارتی كرێكارانی Kurdistan / partiya karkeren Kurdistan). This party is a leftist Kurdish armed group that emerged in the 1970s (1978) in a predominantly Kurdish area in southeastern Turkey as a separatist movement, seeking to establish the state of Kurdistan.

In the early 1980s, it openly entered into an armed conflict with the Turkish state and the confrontation continued until the end of the nineties, where Turkey arrested and imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan and entered a new stage of organization.

There are parties affiliated to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), as we mentioned in southeastern Turkey. These are the Free Life Party in Iran, the Democratic Union Party in Syria and the Democratic Solution Party in Iraq.

According to Turkish media, the PKK changed its organizational structure in 2005 to the Union of Kurdish Communities (KG K), In order to unite its branches in Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran under one umbrella.


According to Turkish media, the armed wing of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) was founded as an organization (HBK) In 1984 it was first known as (HRK).

The party is classified as a terrorist organization on the US, UK, EU, Turkey, Iran, Syria and Australia regulations, and the United Nations and other countries such as Russia, China, Switzerland, Egypt and India have rejected its designation as a terrorist organization.


These three characters (BYD / P Y D) Partiya Yekîtiya Demokrat, a Kurdish party that Turkey says is a branch of the PKK in Syria, was formed in the PKK camps in 2002.


Turkey says that the Kurdistan Democratic Union Party (KDP) in Syria (BYD) has an armed wing symbolized by letters.J. B. KIt means the YPG.

But the YPG / Yekîtiya Parastina Gel is supposed to be its symbol (YPG) The third word may change to (Kurdistan) and thus become the name (YP / G P), But remains the most common (YBK).

Turkey says the YPG is an ally of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). It fears the spread of its control, especially in the border area near Turkish territory, such as Azaz. Officials have openly said they reject any Kurdish presence near their borders, which they see as a threat to their security.

Although some experts say the PYD and the YPG are linked to the PKK, the PKK and its military wing deny this. But they acknowledge a doctrinal convergence.

According to some observers, the YPG was founded in 2004, after the Syrian government crushed the rebellion in Qamishli, in which about 30 Kurds were killed.

Among the group are women's protection units, established in 2012, and Kurdish media say their members played an important role during the siege of Kobani.

When the Syrian events broke out in 2011, the PYD was one of the Kurdish opposition parties in Syria. The YPG emerged as a force only after the uprising began in 2011.

By December 2012, the force expanded to eight brigades, and units began advancing in areas not predominantly Kurdish.In the fall of 2015, the SDF was established and announced at a press conference in October 2015.


The establishment of the SDF was announced in the city of Qamishli, northern Syria, on October 10, 2015.

These forces issued a statement identifying themselves, saying, "It is a unified national military force for all Syrians, bringing together Arabs, Kurds, Syrians and all other components.

The announcement came after the United States announced its intention to provide weapons to a select group of armed forces to fight Islamic State.

The forces include the Syrian Arab Alliance, the rebel army, the Euphrates volcano's operations room, the Sandid forces, the Al-Jazeera Brigades, the Syrian Military Council, the Kurdish People's Protection Units and the Kurdish Women Protection Units.

The People's Protection Units (YPG) and the Women Protection Units (YPG), armed forces of the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), form the backbone of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

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