"In all cultures there is always a reverence for the deceased and the belief that you have to practice a series of rites so that the door between the living and the dead is not broken. You have to be happy to come under controlled situations," said Hector Zagal, writer, essayist and university professor dedicated to the dissemination of culture.
The interviewee said that in northern Europe they even left empty villages so that the spirits could arrive that day and in other places they made food offerings and even "small human sacrifices."
Despite the pagan origins of Halloween, then Christianity adopted it as its own, as happened with Christmas. They established All Saints' Day on November 1 and the Day of the Dead on November 2. The expression Halloween comes from the English phrase All Hallows' Eve, which would be translated as the eve of all saints.
As for its main symbol, the pumpkin, it is thought to be a "reworking" of some amulet to ward off evil spirits. There is an Irish legend that tells that a farmer meets the devil and manages to control him "putting him in a pumpkin."
"It is a story that is repeated a lot, that a person manages to dominate the devil with some trick. The tradition of asking for 'candy or trick' of children is actually a kind of threat and reflects the idea that if the dead or the souls do not give them something, they will come to bother you, "Zagal concluded.