Death toll rises in Iraq … Voting begins in Tunisian elections … Washington backs Renaissance Dam negotiations


Iraqi police shot at a small number of protesters in Baghdad after three days of bloody anti-government protests and Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi vowed reforms.

The death toll from three days of anti-government unrest has risen to 44, police and medical sources said.

The sources added that the highest number of deaths occurred in the southern city of Nasiriyah, where 18 died and 16 were killed in the capital Baghdad.

The protests, in which hundreds have been injured over unemployment and poor services, have turned into calls for a change of government and have become one of the biggest security challenges in years.

Army personnel and special forces were deployed in main squares and streets under a government curfew and violated by thousands of protesters.

Sputnik correspondent in Baghdad, Nazik Mohammed, said that the number of victims so far reached 1500, including 34 dead, and the current demonstrations are almost limited and there are a small number of protesters blocking roads and there are large arrests and searches of areas near Tahrir Square.

The number of detainees up to more than 250 detainees in all governorates, especially central and southern Iraq in addition to the capital, Nazik said that there is an economic crisis occurred high prices of food, fruits and vegetables because of the demand of citizens to store these materials in anticipation of the continuation of the crisis.

She added that it is difficult to get out today because the roads are closed and the demonstrators are unable to reach the demonstration or gathering areas because the security forces used live bullets and tear gas.

The Iraqi writer and political analyst Basil Al-Kazemi said that when the demonstrators took to the streets, they demanded the simplest demands, needs and living conditions, but the Iraqi government does not fulfill or meet the demands of the Iraqi people, and therefore there were demonstrations led by the Iraqi people themselves without politicization and there is no party behind these demonstrations. The Iraqi expects that the prime minister will come out with a speech to the Iraqi people to put the points on the letters and there will be real change, but the speech by Adel Abdul Mahdi was not at the required level.

He added that there was an escalation from the government side, it was better to deal with the demonstrators in a better way than arrests, imprisonment and tear gas, and that the official wholly and in detail about the killing and detention of protesters in the first place the Iraqi Prime Minister being commander in chief of the armed forces, and in the second place borne by all Political forces because they participated in the missed governments and participated in financial and administrative corruption and cronyism.

Tunisia's legislative elections kick off abroad amid fresh competition from Viva Tunis and the heart of Tunisia

Voting began in Tunisia's legislative elections abroad to choose a new parliament.Tunisians vote abroad to choose their representatives in the People's Assembly on October 4, 5 and 6, and more than 1,500 party, coalition and independent lists with more than 15,000 candidates compete for 217 seats in parliament.

Two new parties are in the race: Long live Tunisia, founded by Prime Minister Youssef Chahed and the Heart of Tunisia party, founded by Nabil Karoui, who won the first round of presidential elections, in competition with Ennahda, Nidaa Tounes and independents with other smaller parties.

Tunisian political analyst, Shaker Cherfi, said that "opinion polls in the Tunisian elections differ in the list of parties that will win the parliamentary elections," noting that "there is a trend towards the installation of the heart of Tunisia's second-place party in the presidential elections as its president is running for the second round of Presidential elections also give the first place to Ennahdha on the basis that it announced its support for Qais Said with the support of the votes of Qais Said.

Al-Sharafi does not believe that there will be any surprises in the fact that new parties get the lion's share in the parliamentary seats.“The election observers are counting first on Ennahda because of its popularity and organization, and also the sudden rise of the Heart of Tunisia party since the votes that nominated Nabil Karoui will go to his party in the legislative elections. ''

Washington declares its support for the negotiations of the Renaissance Dam with the continuation of the meetings of the technical committee between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia

The United States announced its support for negotiations between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan on the Renaissance Dam, days after Addis Ababa rejected Cairo's proposal to operate Ethiopia's Renaissance Dam on the Nile.

In a statement from the White House press release, the United States called on the "three parties to make good-faith efforts to reach a sustainable agreement that will benefit each other in economic development and prosperity."

The meetings of the National Independent Technical Research Committee, composed of Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia, have been launched to decide on the filling and operation of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. The results are not yet clear.

The expert in African affairs, d. Attia Essawy said that what the United States meant to reach a solution to the Renaissance Dam crisis is that it is a "fluid position that does not do justice to Egypt and does not constitute pressure on Ethiopia."

He pointed out that "Ethiopia is a strong ally of the United States in East Africa and is one of its arms in the fight against terrorism in that region and does not want to pressure it or force it to something it does not want."

"We cannot say that what has been stated by Washington is a catalyst for resolving the crisis, but if the American position develops and intervenes as a mediator, it can help resolve the dispute."

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