"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs informs public opinion that … the Government of Colombia is presenting before the Court a Request for Advisory Opinion in relation to the issue of indefinite presidential re-election, within the framework of the Inter-American Human Rights System" , the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
The Colombian consultation seeks to know what the legal consequences of indefinite reelection are, and hopes that the Inter-American Court will determine whether the legislative measures adopted by a government "in order to perpetuate itself in power" are compatible with the American Declaration of Rights and Duties of Man, the American Convention or Pact of San Jose, the OAS Charter and the Inter-American Democratic Charter.
The Colombian Foreign Ministry indicated that, as in any consultative process before the Inter-American Court, not only the governments of the member states of the Organization of American States (OAS), but also representatives of civil society who want to participate to present to the Court their opinions on the subject.
"The Colombian Government expects the Court to receive many conceptual contributions … that will allow it to issue an opinion that interprets the common legal conviction of the peoples of the Americas regarding this fundamental issue," the Foreign Ministry of Colombia concluded.
The announcement is made in the framework of the presidential elections held this Sunday in Bolivia and in which President Evo Morales aspires to his third consecutive re-election.
Morales's candidacy is despite the fact that in February 2016 he lost a referendum to consult about his nomination for a new re-election, which was rejected with 51.3% of the votes.
However, Morales appealed the referendum and filed a judicial appeal in the Constitutional Court, which endorsed his aspiration in November 2017 after considering that denying him his reelectionist aspiration affected his political and human rights.
According to the Constitution of Bolivia, only a maximum of two consecutive reelections is allowed.