"The scale at which transnational companies operate and the speed and connectivity they promote throughout the world are unprecedented in history," explain the researchers, led by environmental scientist Carl Folke of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Sweden.
These types of observations are not new, it is observed in the study published in the scientific journal Nature Ecology & Evolution.
Its impact can be clearly seen on environment, where only the first 100 most powerful companies are responsible for 70% of global emissions of greenhouse gases.
At technology sector, industry giants enjoy an almost monopolistic dominance over social media results, searches and internet services.
Photo: Alexa / Similar Web / Vencenzo Cosenza
The only regions where computer transnationals do not yet achieve total dominance seem to be the post-Soviet space, where Russian services are most popular, and China, which has taken restrictive measures.
The companies pharmaceuticals Y energetic they are so powerful that they can generate health crises in certain regions of the world or leave entire countries without electricity.
But just because transnational companies exercise so much power does not mean they cannot act responsibly, say the researchers. Folke and his colleagues stress that the multinational's voluntary commitments to sustainability in the last two decades have not been effective enough, nor that government regulation has been strong enough. They add that this has to change.
"Understanding and acting on the new dynamics of the Anthropocene is fundamental for human well-being, and the transnationals are clearly part of it (…) The global domain of transnational corporations is a reality of the Anthropocene, and a transformative change is urgently needed ", the authors write.
Observing the performance of transnational companies in fields such as agriculture, forestry, marine life, minerals and fossil energy, the researchers conclude that there could be evidence that it is turning towards a corporate management model of the biosphere.